Relationship between the perceived severity of unwanted pregnancy and attitudes toward four contraceptive methods among unmarried university students in Korea: differences by gender and sexual experience
1College of Nursing, The Research Institute of Nursing Science, Center for Human-Caring Nurse Leaders for the Future by Brain Korea 21 (BK 21) four project, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
2College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
3Ewha Women's University, Seoul, Korea
4College of Nursing, Woosuk University, Wanju, Republic of Korea
DOI: 10.31083/jomh.v17i1.291 Vol.17,Issue 1,January 2021 pp.28-36
Published: 08 January 2021
Background and objective: This study examined the relationships between the perceived severity of unwanted pregnancy and attitudes toward four contraceptive methods (condoms, oral contraceptive pills, the withdrawal method, and the rhythm method) according to gender and sexual experience among unmarried university students in Korea. Material and methods: A descriptive cross-sectional comparative study was conducted among 1,372 unmarried university students (men, n = 755; women, n = 617). This was a secondary analysis based on a prior online survey. Descriptive statistics, the Kruskal-Wallis test, pairwise comparisons using the Mann-Whitney U test with the Bonferroni correction, and logistic regression were used to analyze the data in this study. Results: Female students with sexual experience had the highest scores for the perceived severity of unwanted pregnancy. In each group deﬁned according to gender and sexual experience, differences in attitudes toward contraceptive methods signiﬁcantly inﬂuenced the perceived severity of unwanted pregnancy. Conclusion: Efforts should be made to increase the perceived severity of unwanted pregnancy among female students who have favorable attitudes toward the rhythm and withdrawal methods. Students with sexual experience who use the rhythm and withdrawal methods should be targeted for educational interventions aiming to strengthen the perceived severity of unwanted pregnancy.
Contraceptive methods; Perceived severity of pregnancy; Unwanted pregnancy
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