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Original Research

Open Access

Relationship between the perceived severity of unwanted pregnancy and attitudes toward four contraceptive methods among unmarried university students in Korea: differences by gender and sexual experience

  • Hae Won Kim1
  • Young-Jin Lee2
  • Saem Yi Kang2
  • Yoo Jeong Kang3
  • Seong Eun Kim4

1College of Nursing, The Research Institute of Nursing Science, Center for Human-Caring Nurse Leaders for the Future by Brain Korea 21 (BK 21) four project, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea

2College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea

3Ewha Women's University, Seoul, Korea

4College of Nursing, Woosuk University, Wanju, Republic of Korea

DOI: 10.31083/jomh.v17i1.291 Vol.17,Issue 1,January 2021 pp.28-36

Published: 08 January 2021

*Corresponding Author(s): Seong Eun Kim E-mail: fromutos@daum.net

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Abstract

Background and objective: This study examined the relationships between the perceived severity of unwanted pregnancy and attitudes toward four contraceptive methods (condoms, oral contraceptive pills, the withdrawal method, and the rhythm method) according to gender and sexual experience among unmarried university students in Korea. Material and methods: A descriptive cross-sectional comparative study was conducted among 1,372 unmarried university students (men, n = 755; women, n = 617). This was a secondary analysis based on a prior online survey. Descriptive statistics, the Kruskal-Wallis test, pairwise comparisons using the Mann-Whitney U test with the Bonferroni correction, and logistic regression were used to analyze the data in this study. Results: Female students with sexual experience had the highest scores for the perceived severity of unwanted pregnancy. In each group defined according to gender and sexual experience, differences in attitudes toward contraceptive methods significantly influenced the perceived severity of unwanted pregnancy. Conclusion: Efforts should be made to increase the perceived severity of unwanted pregnancy among female students who have favorable attitudes toward the rhythm and withdrawal methods. Students with sexual experience who use the rhythm and withdrawal methods should be targeted for educational interventions aiming to strengthen the perceived severity of unwanted pregnancy.

Keywords

Contraceptive methods; Perceived severity of pregnancy; Unwanted pregnancy

Cite and Share

Hae Won Kim,Young-Jin Lee,Saem Yi Kang,Yoo Jeong Kang,Seong Eun Kim. Relationship between the perceived severity of unwanted pregnancy and attitudes toward four contraceptive methods among unmarried university students in Korea: differences by gender and sexual experience. Journal of Men's Health. 2021. 17(1);28-36.

References

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