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Original Research

Open Access


  • Zhengjia Ren1,†
  • Xinli Chi2,†
  • Chunsong Yang3
  • Yanhong Liu4
  • Renjie Zhang5

1Department of Clinical Psychology, Southwest Hospital, The First Hospital Affiliated to Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University), Chongqing, China

2College of Psychology, Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Affective and Social Cognitive Science, College of Psychology, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen, China

3Department of Pharmacy, West China Second Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China

4Department of Psychology, Hebei University of Chinese Medicine, Hebei, China

5Department of Integrated Management, Zhejiang Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Zhejiang, China

DOI: 10.31083/jomh.v16i4.222 Vol.16,Issue 4,October 2020 pp.1-17

Published: 01 October 2020

*Corresponding Author(s): Yanhong Liu E-mail:
*Corresponding Author(s): Renjie Zhang E-mail:

† These authors contributed equally.

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The present study explored the factors that influenced the likelihood of 503 Chinese gay men’s choice of coming out in different social relationships in a Chinese cultural context.


The current study reports on data from a cross-sectional survey analyzing the relationships between the choice of coming out of a homosexual individual’s social relationships and its relation to demograph-ics, internalized homophobia, sexual self-label, and attendance at lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) center activity using a multivariate logistic regression model.


Other-oriented identity was a predictor of outness to close friends, friends, relatives, and colleagues. The greater the frequency of attendance to LGBT center activities, the more likely the participants were to choose to come out to their parents, relative, and friends. Other demographic data, such as age, education, number of siblings, and partnership, are also factors related to outness in different social relationships.


The factors related to coming out are varied in different social relationships, which implies that individuals use different principles in different social relationships. The present study provides further evidence that mental health professionals should work with LGBT centers to help homosexual individuals with their iden-tity development and to develop individualized assistance strategies based on different social relationships.


Chinese; coming out; gay men; LGBT

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