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Original Research

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Adult men suicide: a developmental approach

  • Michel Tousignant1
  • Monique Séguin2,3
  • Gustavo Turecki2
  • Nadia Chawky2,4
  • Claude Vanier4
  • Raymond Morissette4
  • Alain Lesage4

1Centre for Research and Intervention on Suicide, Ethical Issues and End-of-Life Practices, University of Quebec in Montreal, Montreal, QC H3C 3P8, Canada

2McGill Group for Suicide Studies, Douglas Mental Health University Institute, McGill University, Montreal, QC H4H 1R3, Canada

3Department of Psychology, University of Quebec in Outaouais, Quebec, Gatineau, QC J8X 3X7, Canada

4Research center of the University Institute in Mental Health of Montreal, University of Montreal, Montreal, QC H1Z 3T5, Canada

DOI: 10.31083/jomh.2021.126

Submitted: 02 June 2021 Accepted: 02 September 2021

Online publish date: 24 September 2021

*Corresponding Author(s): Michel Tousignant E-mail:

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Background and objective: This study aims to verify the role of humiliating events and their context in provoking suicide and the contribution of childhood parental maltreatment.

Materials and methods: A family member of consecutive adult male suicides, aged between 18 and 53, was recruited at the Montreal coroner's mortuary for a psychosocial autopsy interview (N = 63) and 7 others through the coroner-in-chief's office. Live events were assessed with the Life Events and Difficulties Schedule (LEDS) and parental maltreatment with the Child Experience of Care and Abuse (CECA) Interview.

Results: Two thirds of the suicides presented most of the following factors: a separation from a partner, half of them involving the man's intractable behavior, financial and marital difficulties, a diagnosis of substance use and/or personality disorder, a history of parental maltreatment and impulsivity. However, other subgroups of men suicide differed significantly from this portrait. Conclusions: Humiliation events and parental maltreatment are key factors of men's suicide.


Suicide; Life events; Parental maltreatment; Substance abuse; Adult men

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Michel Tousignant,Monique Séguin,Gustavo Turecki,Nadia Chawky,Claude Vanier,Raymond Morissette,Alain Lesage. Adult men suicide: a developmental approach. Journal of Men's Health. 2021.doi:10.31083/jomh.2021.126.


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