Article Data

  • Views 779
  • Dowloads 168

Original Research

Open Access

Influence of Korean professional male basketball players' characteristics on preventive health behaviors during COVID-19

  • Young-Jae Kim1
  • Jeong-hyung Cho1
  • Yeon Kim2

1Department of Physical Education, Chung-Ang University, 06981 Seoul, Republic of Korea

2Department of Sports Kyungil University, 46762 Gyeongsan, Republic of Korea

DOI: 10.31083/jomh.2021.045 Vol.17,Issue 4,September 2021 pp.190-197

Submitted: 03 February 2021 Accepted: 12 March 2021

Published: 30 September 2021

*Corresponding Author(s): Yeon Kim E-mail:

PDF (183.55 kB)


Background and objective: The whole world is suffering extensive damage from COVID-19, and even the world of sports cannot escape this situation. Preventive behavior against COVID-19 is crucial to minimizing this damage. Therefore, this study analyzed data examining preventive behaviors of all Korean professional basketball players, providing empirical evidence of the relationship between preventive health behavior and Big-5 factors depending on socio-demographic variables.

Material and methods: Using an online survey, data were collected from 106 players registered with the Korean Basketball League in the 2019-2020 season.

Results: Married players and those with more years of experience were more thorough in managing injuries and preventing infections. Among the Big-5 personality traits, conscientiousness had a significant effect on COVID-19 prevention and health management behavior. Players low on neuroticism demonstrated higher performance in terms of injury management behavior. Conclusions: These results provide critical insight regarding the preventive health behavior of professional sports players. The findings can serve as basic data for enhancing COVID-19 preventive behavior of male basketball players, and as a reference for a decrease in damage in professional sports leagues from COVID-19 and normal management and maintenance.


COVID-19; Pandemic; Male professional basketball player; Injury; Marriage; Big-5 personality traits; Health prevention behavior

Cite and Share

Young-Jae Kim,Jeong-hyung Cho,Yeon Kim. Influence of Korean professional male basketball players' characteristics on preventive health behaviors during COVID-19. Journal of Men's Health. 2021. 17(4);190-197.


[1] Adegboye OA, Adekunle AI, Gayawan E. Early transmission dynamics of novel coronavirus (COVID-19) in Nigeria. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17: 3054.

[2] Ministry of Health and Welfare. Current status of COVID-19 in Korea. 2020. Available at: (Accessed: 6 April 2020).

[3] World Health Organization. WHO Director-general’s opening remarks at the media briefing on COVID-19. 2020. Available at: (Accessed: 11 March 2020).

[4] Chae SM. COVID-19 and challenges for future response to infectious diseases. Health Welf. Issue Focus. 2020; 374: 1–8.

[5] Lee YS. Tokyo Olympics postponed. Kyeonggi Ilbo. 2020. Available at: (Accessed: 3 March 2020).

[6] Corsini A, Bisciotti GN, Eirale C, Volpi P. Football cannot restart soon during the COVID-19 emergency! A critical perspective from the Italian experience and a call for action. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2020; 54: 1186–1187.

[7] Kim JH. NBA player with confirmed COVID-19 case… League halts. Korea Times. 2020. Available at: ?id=NISX20200313_0000954232 (Accessed: 13 March 2020).

[8] Roan D. COVID-19: The English Premier League to cease temporar-ily. BBC NEWS/Korea. 2020. Available at: com/korean/international-51876933 (Accessed: 14 March 2020).

[9] Lee YH. Year to Tokyo Olympics Taegeuk Warrior training stops with COVID-19. 2020. Available at: (Accessed: 19 July 2020).

[10] Kim YJ, Cho JH. Correlation between preventive health behaviors and psycho-social health based on the leisure activities of South Koreans in the COVID-19 crisis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17: 4066.

[11] Lim HG. Good players take good care of their body with less injuries. 2013. Available at: 2013/795487/ (Accessed: 2 September 2013).

[12 Ahn BS. Infectious diseases preventable and crisis response possible with individuals and health authorities vigilant. Busan Development Forum. 2019; 8: 38–43.

[13] Ahn MJ. Combating COVID-19: lessons from South Korea. Brookings. 2020. Available at: https://www.brookings. edu/blog/techtank/2020/04/13/combating-covid-19-lessons-from-south-korea/#cancel (Accessed: 13 April 2020).

[14] Saiman L, Siegel JD, LiPuma JJ, Brown RF, Bryson EA, Chambers MJ, et al. Infection prevention and control guideline for cystic fibrosis. Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology. 2014; 35: 1–67.

[15] Tagg JR, Dierksen KP. Bacterial replacement therapy: adapting ‘germ warfare’ to infection prevention. Trends in Biotechnology. 2003; 21: 217–223.

[16] Booth-Kewley S, Vickers RR Jr. Associations between major domains of personality and health behavior. Journal of Personality. 1994; 62: 281–298.

[17] Korotkov D. Does personality moderate the relationship between stress and health behavior? Expanding the nomological network of the five-factor model. Journal of Research in Personality. 2008; 42: 1418–1426.

[18] Loehlin, JC. Resemblance in personality and attitudes between parents and their children. Unequal Chances: Family Background and Economic Success. 2005: 192–207.

[19] Volk AA, Brazil KJ, Franklin-Luther P, Dane AV, Vaillancourt T. The influence of demographics and personality on COVID-19 coping in young adults. Personality and Individual Differences. 2012; 168: 110398.

[20] Qian K, Yahara T. Mentality and behavior in COVID-19 emergency status in Japan: influence of personality, morality and ideology. PLoS ONE. 2020; 15: e0235883.

[21] Modersitzki N, Phan LV, Kuper N, Rauthmann JF. Who is impacted?Personality predicts individual differences in psychological conse-quences of the COVID-19 pandemic in Germany. Social Psychological and Personality Science. 2020: 1948550620952576.

[22] Di Salvo V, Baron R, Tschan H, Calderon Montero F, Bachl N, Pigozzi F. Performance characteristics according to playing position in elite soccer. International Journal of Sports Medicine. 2007; 28: 222–227.

[23] Srhoj V, Marinović M, Rogulj N. Position specific morphological characteristics of top-level male handball players. Collegium Antropo-logicum. 2002; 26: 219–227.

[24] te Wierike SCM, Elferink-Gemser MT, Tromp EJY, Vaeyens R, Visscher C. Role of maturity timing in selection procedures and in the specialisation of playing positions in youth basketball. Journal of Sports Sciences. 2015; 33: 337–345.

[25] Lee IS. An analysis of Big-5 personality model and business ethics as factors for organizational effectiveness. Journal of Korean Academic Society of Business and Administration. 2003; 32: 1593–1621.

[26] Yun SH. Relationship between 5 personality factors and beauty discipline training of beauty academy consumer. 2020. Unpublished master dissertation, Seokyeong University, Soeoul.

[27] OECD. The OECD privacy framework. 2013. Available at: framework.pdf (Accessed: 11 July 2013).

[28] Turiano NA, Mroczek DK, Moynihan J, Chapman BP. Big 5 personal-ity traits and interleukin-6: evidence for “healthy Neuroticism” in a US population sample. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity. 2013; 28: 83–89.

[29] McCrae RR, Costa PT. Personality in adulthood: a five-factor theory perspective. New York: Guilford Press. 2003.

[30] Amiri-Khorasani M, Sahebozamani M, Tabrizi KG, Yusof AB. Acute effect of different stretching methods on Illinois agility test in soccer players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2011; 24: 2698–2704.

[31] Birkenhead KL, Slater G. A review of factors influencing athletes’ food choices. Sports Medicine. 2015; 45: 1511–1522.

[32] Hein H, Panhuyzen-Goedkoop N, Corrado D, Hoffmann E, Biffi A, Delise P, et al. Recommendations for participation in leisure-time physical activity and competitive sports in patients with arrhythmias and potentially arrhythmogenic conditions part I: Supraventricular arrhythmias and pacemakers. European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention & Rehabilitation. 2006; 13: 475–484.

[33] Kwon JY. “Coexist with nature”…Survival strategies in the Post-COVID-19 era suggested by Professor Park Ki-soo. 2020. Avail-able at: 26762/ (Accessed: 2 September 2020).

[34] Kim NS. Status and challenges of COVID19. Health Welf. Issue Focus. 2020; 373: 1–13.

[35] Green CA, Pope CR. Depressive symptoms, health promotion, and health risk behaviors. American Journal of Health Promotion. 2000; 15: 29–34.

[36] Hong JH. [College] Overcoming COVID-19, responsible consci-entiousness. 2020. Available at: (Accessed: 17 March 2020).

[37] Ishaan T. South Korea’s coronavirus success story underscores how the U.S. initially failed. 2020. Available at: https: // (Accessed: 17 March 2021).

Abstracted / indexed in

Science Citation Index Expanded Created as SCI in 1964, Science Citation Index Expanded now indexes over 9,200 of the world’s most impactful journals across 178 scientific disciplines. More than 53 million records and 1.18 billion cited references date back from 1900 to present.

Social Sciences Citation Index Social Sciences Citation Index contains over 3,400 journals across 58 social sciences disciplines, as well as selected items from 3,500 of the world’s leading scientific and technical journals. More than 9.37 million records and 122 million cited references date back from 1900 to present.

Current Contents - Social & Behavioral Sciences Current Contents - Social & Behavioral Sciences provides easy access to complete tables of contents, abstracts, bibliographic information and all other significant items in recently published issues from over 1,000 leading journals in the social and behavioral sciences.

Current Contents - Clinical Medicine Current Contents - Clinical Medicine provides easy access to complete tables of contents, abstracts, bibliographic information and all other significant items in recently published issues from over 1,000 leading journals in clinical medicine.

SCOPUS Scopus is Elsevier's abstract and citation database launched in 2004. Scopus covers nearly 36,377 titles (22,794 active titles and 13,583 Inactive titles) from approximately 11,678 publishers, of which 34,346 are peer-reviewed journals in top-level subject fields: life sciences, social sciences, physical sciences and health sciences.

DOAJ DOAJ is a community-curated online directory that indexes and provides access to high quality, open access, peer-reviewed journals.

CrossRef Crossref makes research outputs easy to find, cite, link, assess, and reuse. Crossref committed to open scholarly infrastructure and collaboration, this is now announcing a very deliberate path.

Portico Portico is a community-supported preservation archive that safeguards access to e-journals, e-books, and digital collections. Our unique, trusted process ensures that the content we preserve will remain accessible and usable for researchers, scholars, and students in the future.

Submission Turnaround Time