Lifestyle modiﬁcations to attenuate the exaggerated blood pressure response to exercise in men
1Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences, Ryutsu Keizai University, 120 Ryugasaki, 301-8555 Ibaraki, Japan
Submitted: 01 March 2021 Accepted: 05 March 2021
Online publish date: 08 June 2021
The blood pressure response to physical activities is an essential contributor to ambulatory blood pressure and a risk factor for future cardiovascular disease. Peak exercise blood pressure and the blood pressure elevation from rest to peak exercise are higher in apparently healthy men without a prior history of hypertension than in their female peers. Lifestyle modiﬁcations can decrease blood pressure during aerobic and resistance exercise. However, there may be sex differences in the effects of lifestyle modiﬁcations on blood pressure responses to exercise. Additionally, the optimal blood pressure interventions probably differ between men and women due to sex differences in lifestyles. In men, hypertension not only increases the risk of cardiovascular disease but also worsens quality of life by contributing to erectile dysfunction. Further studies are warranted to attenuate the exaggerated blood pressure response to exercise in men.
Aerobic exercise; Dietary habit; Dietary supplementation; Exercise blood pressure; Exercise training; Resistance exercise; Sex difference
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