Theories, models and frameworks in men's health studies: A scoping review
1Department of Primary Care Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
2Department of Applied Statistics, Faculty of Economics and Administration, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
DOI: 10.31083/jomh.2021.006 Vol.17,Issue 2,April 2021 pp.15-24
Published: 08 April 2021
Background and Objectives: Men's health has been acknowledged as a broad ﬁeld that comprises not only of male speciﬁc diseases, but involves widely differing disciplines. While a signiﬁcant number of studies have looked into the deﬁnition of men's health, there is a lack of concerted attempts to collectively review the theories, models and frameworks in men's health studies. This paper presents an overview of theories, models and frameworks used in past men's health studies.
Material and Methods: A scoping review was conducted using the Arksey and O'Malley framework. Publications were searched in three electronic databases. Two independent researchers performed publications' selection and data charting. Any disagreement was resolved by consultation with a third researcher.
Results: One hundred and forty publications were included in this review. Within these publications, 87 theories, models and frameworks were identiﬁed. They were found to be generic to either health sciences or social sciences, or speciﬁc to men's health. Three type of processes were observed among the theories, models and frameworks, namely, behavioural, cognitive and gender processes. The ﬁndings also indicated a lack of publications about theories, models and frameworks in men's health studies from developing countries and outside the western world.
Conclusion: The results revealed the multidisciplinary nature of men's health. However, due to the fragmentation of theoretical understanding by separate disciplines, an interdisciplinary approach is necessary for this ﬁeld.
Scoping review; Theories; Models; Frameworks; Men's health
Khalid Ashraf,Chirk Jenn Ng,Kim Leng Goh. Theories, models and frameworks in men's health studies: A scoping review. Journal of Men's Health. 2021. 17(2);15-24.
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