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Original Research

Open Access

Validation of a Questionnaire that Surveys Confidence in Sports among Korean Competitive Athletes

  • Seyong Jang1
  • Han-Joo Eom1
  • Kyu-Dong Lee1,2
  • Won-Min Choi1
  • Ye-Lim Choi1
  • Hyun-Woo Kang1
  • Eun-Hyung Cho3

1College of Sport Science, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, Republic of Korea

2Physical Education Section, Korean National Police University, Asan, Republic of Korea

3Korea Institute of Sport Science, Korea Sports Promotion Foundation, Seoul, Republic of Korea

DOI: 10.22374/1875-6859.14.2.5 Vol.14,Issue 2,February 2018 pp.30-41

Published: 22 February 2018

*Corresponding Author(s): Eun-Hyung Cho E-mail:

PDF (1.21 MB)


Background and Objective

This study aimed to verify the validity of a questionnaire that surveys confidence in sports among athletes in combat sports. The questionnaire addresses the concepts of persistence, calmness, hesitation, and physi-cal prime.

Material and Methods

Purposeful sampling using non-probability sampling was conducted in 367 players participating in uni-versity- and business-level athletics in the Republic of Korea. The data were analyzed using a multi-group confirmatory factor analysis and a second confirmatory factor analysis with linear structural relations (LISREL) version 8.5. Concept reliability and average variance extracted (AVE) values were calculated using Excel 2010 (Microsoft Corporation, Redmond, WA, USA). Two-way (2×2) randomized group (RG) analysis of variance (ANOVA) was conducted using the SPSS 18.0 program (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, USA).


We proved that the sub-factors measured by the survey questions were relatively exact regarding self-confidence in combat-sport athletes. The questions relating to self-confidence in sports could be applied to both male and female athletes alike. The scores were higher in male athletes than in female athletes in the following factors: fighting spirit, calmness, and performing under pressure. The scores of the national ath-letes were higher compared to those of the non-national athletes with respect to the body preparation factor.


These results suggest that the competitive sports questionnaire developed in a previous study could be utilized without difficulty in a confidence-related study of competitive sports athletes. The questionnaire is particularly effective in evaluating the confidence level of athletes.

Cite and Share

Seyong Jang,Han-Joo Eom,Kyu-Dong Lee,Won-Min Choi,Ye-Lim Choi,Hyun-Woo Kang,Eun-Hyung Cho. Validation of a Questionnaire that Surveys Confidence in Sports among Korean Competitive Athletes. Journal of Men's Health. 2018. 14(2);30-41.


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