THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SOCIOECONOMIC FACTORS AND PHYSICAL FITNESS VARIABLES AMONG KOREAN ADULTS
1Assistant Professor, Division of Sport Science, College of Science and Technology, Konkuk University, Chungju-si, Republic of Korea
2CEO, Department of Sports Science, SPKOREA, Busan, Republic of Korea
3Associate professor, Sports and Health Care Major, College of Humanities and Arts, Korea National University of Transportation, Chungju-si, Republic of Korea
4Senior Researcher, Department of Sport Science, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, Republic of Korea
DOI: 10.22374/1875-68184.108.40.206 Vol.13,Issue 1,May 2017 pp.37-44
Published: 25 May 2017
The relationship between socioeconomic status and physical ﬁ tness level is unclear. Therefore, this study examined the relationship between socioeconomic factors and physical ﬁ tness among Korean adults.
A retrospective analysis of the physical ﬁ tness and demographic data extracted from the 2013 National Fit-ness Award project conducted in Korea. The data from 1,690 men and 1,982 women, 19–64 years-old, were included. Sampling strategy, using 14 clusters and stratiﬁ cation levels, ensured a national representation of the Republic of Korea. The following physical ﬁ tness variables were included in the analysis: time on the 50 metre dash run, repetitions of shuttle run, distance of standing long jump, distance of sit-and-reach, number of sit-ups in 1 minute, and grip strength. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to examine whether physical ﬁ tness levels were related to occupation (physically active, non-active and other), household income (divided into quartiles) and location of residence (rural or urban), adjusting for age and sex.
Participants with physically active occupations had higher ﬁ tness levels than those with non-active and other occupations. As the household income increased, the ﬁ tness levels also tended to increase. Participants living in a small city had higher ﬁ tness levels than those living in a large city, except on the 50 metre dash run.
Physical ﬁ tness variables could be aff ected by socioeconomic status.
household income, occupation, region, physical ﬁ tness, socioeconomic factors
Eun-Ju Choi,Byoung-Wook Yoo,Wi-Young So,Seyong Jang. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SOCIOECONOMIC FACTORS AND PHYSICAL FITNESS VARIABLES AMONG KOREAN ADULTS. Journal of Men's Health. 2017. 13(1);37-44.
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