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Original Research

Open Access

VERY SHORT-TERM HIGH-INTENSITY INTERVAL TRAINING IN HIGH SCHOOL SOCCER PLAYERS

  • Kun Ho Lee1
  • Kyujin Lee2
  • Yong Chul Choi3

1Department of Prescription and Rehabilitation of Exercise, Dankook University, Cheonan, Republic of Korea

2Institute of Sports Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea

3Department of Physical Education, Gangneung-Wonju National University, Gangneung-Si, Republic of Korea

DOI: 10.15586/jomh.v16i2.211 Vol.16,Issue 2,May 2020 pp.1-8

Published: 04 May 2020

*Corresponding Author(s): Kyujin Lee E-mail: my993286@snu.ac.kr
*Corresponding Author(s): Yong Chul Choi E-mail: skicyc@gwnu.ac.kr

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Abstract

Background and objective

To analyze the body composition, anaerobic power, and fatigue in high school soccer players resulting from very short-term, high-intensity interval training (HIIT) for 3 weeks during off season.

Methods

Forty-four high school soccer players, with a mean age of 17.2 ± 1.0 years, were included in the study. The sample consisted of a single group, and the tests measured body composition using the impedance method, anaerobic power using a Wingate cycle ergometer, and strength with an isokinetic device. The training was carried out 5 days/week over a 3-week period for a total of 15 sessions. Training included stretching and warming up, sprint anaerobic cycle training, and running HIIT such as sidestep, zigzag run, ladder run, box jump, and plyometrics.

Results

Post-training muscle mass (+2.0%, p < 0.001) and fat ratio (−12.7%, p < 0.001) improved significantly compared to pre-training observations. However, bodyweight and body mass index (BMI) did not change significantly. The Wingate test, measuring peak power in three and five sets showed greater improvement compared to the initial test (+10.7% and +19.0% respectively). A significant decrease was observed for fatigue in three and five sets (−8.5% and −12.4% respectively). The isokinetic strength test showed significant differences in flexion(+8.5%, p = 0.002) and extension (+9.4%, p < 0.001) at 60°/s.

Conclusion

Short-term HIIT can improve fatigue rate, anaerobic power, and muscle strength of athletes as well as increase their muscle mass.

Keywords

anaerobic power; high-intensity interval training; soccer; strength

Cite and Share

Kun Ho Lee,Kyujin Lee,Yong Chul Choi. VERY SHORT-TERM HIGH-INTENSITY INTERVAL TRAINING IN HIGH SCHOOL SOCCER PLAYERS. Journal of Men's Health. 2020. 16(2);1-8.

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