Relationship Between the National Institutes of Health Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index and the International Prostate Symptom Score in Middle-Aged Men According to the Presence of Chronic Prostatitis-Like Symptoms

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Min Ho Lee
Deok Ha Seo
Chunwoo Lee
Jae Hwi Choi
Seong Uk Jeh
Sin Woo Lee
See Min Choi
Jeong Seok Hwa
Jae Seog Hyun
Ky Hyun Chung
Sung Chul Kam


prostatitis, lower urinary tract symptoms, questionnaires, prostatic hyperplasia


Background and objective
The characteristic symptom of chronic prostatitis (CP) is pain. Patients with CP often complain of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS); however, the voiding domain of the Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index of the National Institutes of Health (NIH-CPSI) is not sufficient to evaluate LUTS. Therefore, we studied the relationship between the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and NIH-CPSI scores in men.

Materials and methods
We reviewed 870 men who visited our health care center for a general health check-up and com-pleted IPSS and NIH-CPSI questionnaires between January 2014 and January 2019. An NIH-CPSI pain score ≥4 was defined as the presence of a prostatitis-like symptom (Group 1), and an NIH-CPSI pain score less than <4 was defined as the absence of a prostatitis-like symptom (Group 2). The relationship between IPSS and NIH-CPSI sub-scores was investigated. The associations between the IPSS total score and NIH-CPSI sub-scores were assessed using multiple linear regres-sion analysis.

The mean IPSS total, voiding, storage, and quality-of-life (QOL) scores were higher in Group 1 than in Group 2. Group 1 had fewer subjects in the mild group and more in the moderate and severe groups than did Group 2. Among NIH-CPSI sub-scores, pain score showed the highest correlation between IPSS total (r=0.283), voiding (r=0.266), storage (r=0.237), and QOL score (r=0.263). In regression analysis, only the NIH-CPSI pain score was associated with the IPSS total score (B=0.962, p<0.001).

The NIH-CPSI pain score showed a weak but statistically significant correlation with the IPSS, but the NIH-CPSI voiding score did not. This finding suggests that patients with CP-like symptoms need to be surveyed using the IPSS questionnaire. It will also be helpful to screen for comorbidities of benign prostatic hyperplasia and CP.


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