Main Article Content

Gulden Aynaci
Hediye Gulmez


Gender discrimination, Hand–eye coordination, Male nurse, Male nursing students


Background and objective
Hand dexterity and hand–eye coordination are very important in nursing profession. In nursing education, equal conditions for gaining experience should be established regardless of gender difference. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of gender difference on hand dexterity and hand–eye coordination.
Material and methods
This study included 100 undergraduate nursing students from the Trakya University, and they were evaluated using the O’Connor’s finger dexterity test.
Previous study results demonstrated that males were careful and willing to take care of their patients, but they felt that they had to be at the backstage because the occupation is a female-predominant one. They were very careful during the O’Connor’s test. The average test duration for both the male and female students was similar. Students with longer hand and palm lengths had better hand dexterity. The larger wrist circumference and wrist width in male students than female students provided an advantage to the male nursing students. The O’Connor’s test results demonstrated that gender discrimination in nursing profession is meaningless in terms of dexterity.
This study approaches gender discrimination in nursing with a different perspective. Male students are not less successful in hand and eye coordination and hand dexterity. It is important for males to have clinical learning without having sexual discrimination in order to provide high-quality patient care, it may help their career growth.


Download data is not yet available.
Abstract 361 | pdf Downloads 261


1. Ndou NP, Moloko-Phiri SS. Four-year diploma male students’ experiences in a profession traditionally perceived as a female domain at a selected public college of nursing in Limpopo, South Africa. Curationis. 2018;41(1). http://dx.doi.org/ 10.4102/curationis.v41i1.1932
2. Buthelezi SF, Fakude LP, Martin PD, Daniels FM. Clinical learning experiences of male nursing students in a Bachelor of Nursing programme: Strategies to overcome challenges. Curationis. 2015;38(2):1–7. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/curatio-nis.v38i2.1517
3. Gauvin C, Tellier C, Daigle R, Petitjean-Roget T, editors. Evaluation of dexterity tests for gloves. Proceedings of the 3rd European Conference on Protective Clothing and NOKOBETEF; 2006.
4. Gallus J, Mathiowetz V. Test–retest reliability of the Purdue Pegboard for persons with multiple sclerosis. Am J Occup Ther. 2003;57(1):108–11. http://dx.doi.org/10.5014/ajot.57.1.108
5. Yancosek KE, Howell D. A narrative review of dexterity assessments. J Hand Ther. 2009;22(3): 258–70. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jht.2008.11.004
6. Johnson RF, Sleeper LA, editors. Effects of chemical protective handwear and headgear on manual dexterity. Proceedings of the Human Factors Society Annual Meeting; 1986; Sage; Los Angeles, CA. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/154193128603001011
7. Agarwal S, Patel S. Effect of long term smoking on manual dexterity–an observational study on chronic smokers between the ages of 25 to 60 years. Indian J Appl Res. 2018;8(6):1121–6.
8. Hines E. A measure of finger dexterity. Personnel J. 1926;4:379–82.
9. Simpson R. Masculinity at work: The experiences of men in female dominated occupations. Work Employ Soc. 2004;18(2):349–68. http://dx.doi. org/10.1177/09500172004042773
10. Bartfay WJ, Bartfay E. Canadian view of men in nursing explored. Men Nurs. 2007;2(2):32–7. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.MIN.0000266940. 93559.50
11. Pearce AJ, Hoy K, Rogers MA, et al. Acute motor, neurocognitive and neurophysiological change following concussion injury in Australian amateur football. A prospective multimodal investigation. J Sci Med Sport. 2015;18(5):500–6. http:// dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2014.07.010
12. De Andrés AG, Sánchez E, Hidalgo JJ, et al. Appraisal of psychomotor skills of dental students at University Complutense of Madrid. Eur J Dent Educ. 2004;8(1):24–30. http://dx.doi. org/10.1111/j.1600-0579.2004.00296.x
13. Lugassy D, Levanon Y, Pilo R, et al. Predicting the clinical performance of dental students with a manual dexterity test. PLoS One. 2018;13(3):e0193980. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0193980
14. Kidgell DJ, Frazer AK, Pearce AJ. The effect of task complexity influencing bilateral transfer. Int J Exerc Sci. 2017;10(8):1174–83.
15. Telles S, Singh N, Balkrishna A. Finger dexterity and visual discrimination following two yoga breathing practices. Int J Yoga. 2012;5(1):37. http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0973-6131.91710
16. Brossard-Racine M, Majnemer A, Shevell M, et al. Handwriting capacity in children newly diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Res Dev Disabil. 2011;32(6):2927–34. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2011.05.010
17. Yoshie M, Kudo K, Murakoshi T, et al. Music performance anxiety in skilled pianists: Effects of social-evaluative performance situation on subjective, autonomic, and electromyographic reactions. Exp Brain Res. 2009;199(2):117. http:// dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00221-009-1979-y
18. Wang H, Li X, Hu X, et al. Perceptions of nursing profession and learning experiences of male students in baccalaureate nursing program in Changsha, China. Nurse Educ Today. 2011; 31(1):36–42. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2010. 03.011
19. Berger MA, Krul AJ, Daanen HA. Task specificity of finger dexterity tests. Appl Ergonom. 2009; 40(1):145–7. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo. 2008.01.014
20. Ross DJ. Perceptions of men in the nursing profession: Historical and contemporary issues. Links Health Soc Care. 2017;2(1):4–20.
21. Yu M, Kang KJ, Yu SJ, et al. Factors affecting retention intention of male nurses working health care institution in Korea. J Korean Acad Nurs Admin. 2017;23(3):280–9. http://dx.doi. org/10.11111/jkana.2017.23.3.280
22. Mott J, Lee OD. Navigating unfamiliar waters: Men in nursing academia. J Prof Nurs. 2018;34(1):42–6. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.profnurs.2017.07.005
23. Rajacich D, Kane D, Williston C, et al., editors. If they do call you a nurse, it is always a “male nurse”: Experiences of men in the nursing profession. Nurs Forum. 2013;48(1):71–80. http:// dx.doi.org/10.1111/nuf.12008
24. Newham J, Alderdice F. If gender matters in maternity care, does it matter in maternity care research? J Reproduc and Infant Physc. 2017; 35 (3): 209–11.
25. Pilkenton D, Schorn MN. Midwifery. Men Nurs. 2008;3(1):29–33. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.MIN. 0000310888.82818.15
26. Alden KR, Lowdermilk DL, Cashion MC, et al. Maternity and women’s health care-E-book. Elsevier Health Sciences; 2013. 888–97. https:// books.google.com.tr/books