Journal of Men's Health <p>The Journal of Men’s Health (JOMH) is a peer-reviewed publication covering all aspects of men’s health across the lifespan. As the official journal the International Society of Men’s Health (ISMH) the Journal publishes cutting-edge advances in a wide range of diseases and conditions, including diagnostic procedures, therapeutic management strategies, and innovative clinical research in gender-based biology to ensure optimal patient care. The Journal addresses disparities in health and life expectancy between men and women; increased risk factors such as smoking, alcohol abuse, and obesity; higher prevalence of diseases such as heart disease and cancer; and health care in underserved and minority populations.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>This journal is published by The Dougmar Publishing Group Inc.<a href=""><strong></strong></a></p> en-US (Scott Bryant) (Kelly Brooks) Thu, 07 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Effect of 12-Week Low-intensity Exercise on Interleukin-2, Interferon-gamma, and Interleukin-4 Cytokine Production in Rat Spleens <p><strong>Background and Objective</strong>: High-intensity exercise has been linked to immunity; however, the relationship between low-intensity exercise and the immune system is unclear. In this study, the effects of exercise on cytokine production in T helper 1 (interleukin-2 [IL-2] and interferon-gamma [INF-g]) and T helper 2 cells (interleukin-4 [IL-4]) in spleens were investigated.</p> <p><strong>Material and Methods:</strong> Sprague–Dawley male rats were divided into a control group (CON, n = 10) and a low-intensity exercise group (EX, n = 10). EX rats were trained on a treadmill (8 m/min, 50 min/day, 5 times over 12 weeks). Spleen tissues were analyzed by hematoxylin-eosin staining and real-time PCR to quantify <em>IL-4</em>, <em>INF-</em><em>g</em>, and <em>IL-2</em> expression.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> <em>IL-4</em> expression was significantly higher in the EX group than in the CON group (<em>p </em>&lt; 0.05). However, <em>IL-2</em> and <em>INF-</em><em>g</em> expression did not differ between groups (<em>p</em> &gt; 0.05).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> These results suggest that exercise in rats enhances immune function by regulating cytokine production in T helper type 2 (IL-4) cells, but not in T helper type 1 (IL-2 and IFN-g) cells of the activated spleen.</p> Eun-Ju Choi, Chang-Jin Lee, Hyo-Hyun Park, Wi-Young So ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 11 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Early Cancer Detection Behaviors among Black Males <p><strong>Background and Objective:</strong> It is believed that the differentials in the chances of surviving cancer diagnoses may be due to barriers that limit access to timely, appropriate, and high-quality medical care. Understanding the motivation for early cancer detection behavior among Black males may begin to diminish the prevalence of having an imminent and aggressive cancer diagnosis among this gendered population. To add to this understanding, this study examined perceptions, beliefs, and engagement in early detection cancer behavior in a sample of Black males 23-63 years of age.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> Participants (N=312) responded to survey items assessing knowledge, beliefs, and perceptions of cancer, early cancer detection behavior, illness attitude, masculinity, attachment style, and demographic characteristics via a Qualtrics link published on Amazon MTurk. Using hierarchical regression models, associations were estimated between demographic variables, social (illness attitude, identity), behavioral (masculinity, attachment) variables, and early cancer detection behavior.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Data showed age (<em>b</em> = -.28, <em>p</em>&lt;.01), education (<em>b</em> = -.180, <em>p</em>&lt;.01), illness attitude (<em>b</em> = .24, <em>p</em>&lt;.01), masculinity (<em>b</em> = -.22, <em>p</em>&lt;.01), and avoidant (<em>b</em> = .31, <em>p</em>&lt;.01) and anxious (<em>b</em> = -.14, <em>p</em>&lt;.01) attachment being associated with early cancer detection behavior among Black males.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Understanding the motivation for early cancer detection behaviors may begin to address the use of mechanisms, by which to ensure a timely diagnosis, of preventable cancers, among this adult population. Our findings should be useful for researchers seeking to understand why people resist beneficial health information, and for practitioners who aim to create interventions that may reduce such resistance.</p> Darlingtina Atakere, Tamara Baker ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 08 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Men’s Health Research versus Andrology—Defining the Division and Closing the Divide <p><strong>Background and Objective: </strong>We explore here men’s health research as practiced by health sociologists versus andrologists.</p> <p><strong>Material and Methods: </strong>We start by examining the occurrences of terms related to sex and gender in the literature of the two fields as a way to characterize and contrast their disciplinary differences. A sample of 30 terms that directly or indirectly related to sex and gender were searched in Google Scholar and the ratios of each term’s appearance within the literature for the two disciplines was recorded. Chi-squared tests assessed the statistical differences between the usage of each term in the two fields.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>Of the terms we sampled, only “penis”, “penile”, “testicles”, and “libido” did not differ significantly in their relative occurrence within either discipline’s publications. Words and phrases linked to gender, such as masculine, masculinity, and manhood, were significantly more common in “men’s health research” where gender is commonly construed as a social construct. We suggest, however, that the evidence for gender being purely a social construct is limited and neither necessary nor accepted as such within andrology. Andrology and men’s health research, we argue, are different disciplines in terms research methodologies and self-defined disciplinary borders. The presumption that gender is a social construct, though common within health sociology, is not implicit in andrology. Many problems in men’s health that have been assumed to be the products of enculturation have in fact a biological basis. However, solutions to those problems are often outside the domain of biomedicine and are more amenable to social solutions. We suggest that men’s health could be most effectively advanced if men’s health researchers and andrologists understood what divides their disciplines and made more effort to bridge that divide.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Key words:&nbsp; </strong>sex, gender, social construction, andrology, men’s health</p> <p><strong>Word Count: </strong>291</p> Vivian W.L. Tsang, Richard J. Wassersug, PhD ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 12 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Abdominal/Adductor Strength Imbalance in Soccer Players with Osteitis Pubis <p><strong>Background and Objective</strong></p> <p>The muscle imbalance between abdominal and hip adductor muscles as an etiology for osteitis pubis is not well understood. The concept of a relationship between eccentric/concentric ratios at the pelvis and osteitis pubis in athletes is limited. This study aimed to compare the eccentric/concentric ratios for abdominal/adductor, abdominal/back, and hip adductor muscles as well as eccentric abdominal/eccentric adductor muscles in soccer players suffering from osteitis pubis with those in healthy athletes.</p> <p><strong>Material and Methods</strong></p> <p>Twenty male soccer athletes with osteitis pubis and 20 healthy male soccer athletes. Peak torque/body weight (PT/BW) for the hip adductor, abdominal, and back muscles during isokinetic concentric and eccentric contraction modes at a speed of 180°/s was recorded for healthy players and soccer athletes with osteitis pubis. Eccentric/concentric ratios for the abdominal/adductor, abdominal/back, and hip adductor muscles and the eccentric abdominal/eccentric adductor muscles were measured for both groups.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong></p> <p>There was a significant decrease in the eccentric abdominal/concentric hip adductor muscles ratio (p = 0.000) and in the eccentric/concentric hip adductor muscles ratio (p = 0.016) between the osteitis pubis and the healthy control groups.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong></p> <p>Soccer players with osteitis pubis present with strength imbalance. The osteitis pubis group displayed eccentric weakness of the abdominal and adductor muscles, resulting in imbalances in the normal eccentric abdominal/concentric adductor and eccentric/concentric adductor ratios. Therefore, exercises that increase the eccentric strength of abdominal and hip adductor muscles may be beneficial to include in rehabilitation programmes of patients with osteitis pubis.</p> Walaa Sayed Mohammad, Walaa Elsais ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 18 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Evaluation of the Differences of Household Income and Physical Fitness Variables in Elderly Koreans <p><strong>Background and Objective</strong></p> <p>Physical activity and fitness are complementary to each other, but they are independent concepts with regard to health. Although there are some studies about the relationship between one’s physical activity and economic level, there are very few studies about the relationship between one’s fitness level and economic level. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the fitness level of elderly Koreans according to their economic level.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>Material and Methods</strong></p> <p>In 2015, 1,068 elderly Koreans (men=452, women=616) over 65 years of age participated in the Korean national fitness assessment. Their household income was collected using a self-report survey, and physical fitness variables (grip strength, sit-up, sit to stand, sit and reach, back scratch, one-leg standing with eyes open, and 6-minute walk) were measured directly. Then the differences between household income and physical fitness variables were evaluated by conducting one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the Tukey test (post-hoc testing).</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>Results</strong></p> <p>Elderly men showed significant differences in grip strength (p=0.009), sit-up (p&lt;0.001), and sit to stand (p&lt;0.001) according to the four household income groups (under 70,000 won group, 700,000 to under 2,030,000 won group, 2,030,000 to under 3,500,000 won group, and over 3,500,000 won group) by one-way ANOVA. Elderly women showed significant differences in grip strength (p=0.001), sit-up (p&lt;0.001), one-leg standing with eyes open (p=0.048), and 6-minute walk (p&lt;0.001) according to the four groups by one-way ANOVA.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong></p> <p>Physical fitness variables related to muscular strength and muscular endurance can be affected by household income in elderly Koreans.</p> Hyunkyun Ahn, Wi-Young So ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 19 Jun 2018 19:05:01 +0000 Health Medical Examination and the Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome <p>Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a highly prevalent condition that cannot be cured but can be controlled by health management. Health management not only includes regulation of drinking, smoking, and physical activity but also health medical examinations. However, health medical examinations at private medical facilities involve high cost, limiting continuous and regular examination. The aim of this study was to analyze the prevalence of MetS and health management behavior according to the number of health medical examinations conducted in 14 years. According to the number of health medical examinations undertaken each year from 1999 to 2012, in 2012, 21,803 visitors (14,511 men and 7,292 women) from a health medical examination center at a private medical facility were assigned to low- (3–5 health examinations in 14 years), middle- (6–10 health examinations in 14 years), and high-frequency groups (11–14 health examinations during 14 years). MetS was evaluated according to the criteria of the National Cholesterol Education Program and Adult Treatment Panel III and waist circumference was measured according to the standard for Asians by the World Health Organization. Odds ratio (OR) was calculated by logistic regression analysis. Blood pressure tended to decrease to 124.5 vs. 123.9 vs. 123.5 in the low-, middle-, and high-frequency groups in men, respectively. In addition, middle- and high-frequency groups demonstrated better total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein, low-density lipoprotein, and systolic blood pressure compared with the low-frequency group. The prevalence of MetS demonstrated no significance before adjusting for variables in men, and high-frequency examinees demonstrated 18% low OR values (0.823, p&lt;0.001) after adjusting for age. OR was 0.868 (p=0.015) when adjusted for age, other socioeconomic factors, and health behavior. In women, the prevalence of MetS demonstrated significantly high OR of 1.205 (p=0.007) and 1.300 (p=0.008) in the middle- and high-frequency groups, respectively, but OR value decreased by 21% (0.791, p=0.026) after adjusting for age. However, OR remained significant when adjusting for socioeconomic variables, physical activity, drinking, and smoking. For income and education, high-frequency examinees belonged to high socioeconomic status group among men and women, but there were significant differences in only walking among men with regard to physical activity (p&lt;0.001). Smoking was well managed in the high-frequency group among men and women, and drinking showed a significant difference only in women (p&lt;0.001). High-frequency of health medical examination showed low prevalence of MetS in men and women, and higher socioeconomic status involved good management of health.</p> Yong Hwan Kim, Wi-Young So ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 19 Jun 2018 19:13:02 +0000 Metastatic Directed Therapy in Oligometastatic Prostate Cancer <p>N/A</p> Connor Hoge, Abhinav Sidana ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 07 Jun 2018 16:04:32 +0000 Can a Healthy Lifestyle Give Longer and Healthier Lives Equally To Men and Women? Is There Scientific Evidence? A New Study Says: YES, But Not Equally! Ridwan Shabsigh ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 20 Jun 2018 13:13:29 +0000